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A lot of transcriptional profiling in plant and animals has used RNAs samples from many different cell types. The laser-capture microdissection (LCM) can identify and harvest pure cellular populations directly from heterogenous tissues based on histological identification. The molecules or protein isolated from LCM-captured cells can be suitable for single cell type analysis by using chip expression profiling or sequencing.

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Isolation of Rice Embryo Single Cell Type using Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM)

Plant Science > Plant cell biology > Cell isolation
Author: Tie Liu
Tie LiuAffiliation 1: Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
Affiliation 2: Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
For correspondence: tieliu@stanford.edu
Bio-protocol author page: a67
Vol 2, Iss 18, 9/20/2012, 4009 views, 0 Q&A, How to cite
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21769/BioProtoc.259

[Abstract] A lot of transcriptional profiling in plant and animals has used RNAs samples from many different cell types. The laser-capture microdissection (LCM) can identify and harvest pure cellular populations directly from heterogenous tissues based on histological identification. The molecules or protein isolated from LCM-captured cells can be suitable for single cell type analysis by using chip expression profiling or sequencing.

Materials and Reagents

  1. Ethanol
  2. Acetic acid
  3. Histoclear (also named CitriSolv) (Thermo Fisher Scientific, catalog number: 5989-27-5)
  4. DEPC H2O
  5. 75% (v/v) ethanol and 25% (v/v) acetic acid (see Recipes)
  6. Gradient series of ethanol solutions in H2O or histoclear (see Recipes)

Equipment

  1. Microscope
  2. Microtome (Waldorf, model: HM310)
  3. Pix-Cell IIe LCM system (Arcturus)
  4. RNase-free glass slides
  5. 15 μm laser beam

Procedure

  1. Crytosectioning, fixation and dehydration of rice embryos
    1. Dissect rice embryo from the seeds under the microscope.
    2. Fix samples immediately on ice in fixation solution containing 75% (v/v) ethanol and 25% (v/v) acetic acid. The samples were left in the vials at 4 °C over night.
    3. Dehydrate the tissue in a series of ethanol concentrations (v/v) in order, 70%, 85%, 95%, 100%, each for 1 h at room temperature, followed by ethanol: histoclear (3:1, v/v), followed by ethanol: histoclear (1:1), ethanol: histoclear (1:3) and 100% histoclear treatment each for 1 h.
    4. Incubate the dehydrated samples in histoclear over night at 60 degree and then infiltrate with paraffin at 60 degree over 2 days, replacing histoclear with paraffin every 12 h.
    5. After embedding in paraffin, cut the embryo in 7 μm thick sections with a rotary microtome and place on RNase-free glass slides and store in darkness at 4 degree under dehydrating conditions with drierites.
    6. Deparaffinize sections in histoclear at room temperature for two changes of 10 min and air-dried before LCM.

  2. LCM
    1. Perform laser-capture microdissection using the Pix-Cell LCM system. After deparaffinizing and drying the tissues, laser-capture microdissect the interesting cells according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
    2. Based on the cell size diameters, the embryo organ cell types were isolated using 15 μm laser beam, laser power settings were 100 mW, and laser pulse durations were 2.5 ms. Embryo organ cell types were successfully identified and removed from heterogenous tissue by comparison of the difference among the images of the tissue before captured, the images of the tissue after removal of the harvested cells and the images of the cells captured on the cap. Generally, between 5 to 8 slides were processed each LCM caps and non-specific tissue were removed from the LCM cap using a Post-It note. See figure below.


Recipes

  1. 75% (v/v) ethanol and 25% (v/v) acetic acid
  2. Gradient series of ethanol solutions in H2O or histoclear

Acknowledgments

This protocol is adapted from Kerk et al. (2003) and Jiao et al. (2009).

References

  1. Jiao, Y., Tausta, S. L., Gandotra, N., Sun, N., Liu, T., Clay, N. K., Ceserani, T., Chen, M., Ma, L., Holford, M., Zhang, H. Y., Zhao, H., Deng, X. W. and Nelson, T. (2009). A transcriptome atlas of rice cell types uncovers cellular, functional and developmental hierarchies. Nat Genet 41(2): 258-263.
  2. Kerk, N. M., Ceserani, T., Tausta, S. L., Sussex, I. M. and Nelson, T. M. (2003). Laser capture microdissection of cells from plant tissues. Plant Physiol 132(1): 27-35.
  3. Nelson, T., Tausta, S. L., Gandotra, N., and Liu, T. (2006). Laser microdissection of plant tissue: what you see is what you get. Annu Rev Plant Biol 57: 181-201.


How to cite: Liu, T. (2012). Isolation of Rice Embryo Single Cell Type using Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) . Bio-protocol 2(18): e259. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.259; Full Text



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