The immunoglobulin G (IgG) fragment crystallizable (Fc) domain contains a single, highly conserved asparagine 297 (N297) glycosylation site in the CH2 domain, which is buried within the hydrophobic core of each of the two heavy chains. The biantennary core glycan structure, composed of 2 N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and 3 mannose residues, can be further decorated with fucose, bisecting GlcNAc and terminal GlcNAc, galactose, and sialic acid. Presence or absence of distinct residues can alter IgG effector functions such as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) or complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). Here, we provide a protocol for the generation of IgG-Fc de-galactosylated, galactosylated, de-sialylated and sialylated IgG antibodies using recombinant glycosidases and glycosyltransferases.
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