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The Bone resorption assay provides an easy to use protocol for quantitatively measuring in vitro osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Osteoclasts can be seeded onto the bone slices and formation of resorption pits can be quantified via toluidinblue staining (Scholtysek et al., 2013).

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Bone Resorption Assay

Cancer Biology > General technique > Cell biology assays > Metabolism
Authors: Carina Scholtysek
Carina ScholtysekAffiliation: Department of Internal Medicine 3, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute of Rheumatology and Immunology, Erlangen, Germany
For correspondence: carina.scholtysek@uk-erlangen.de
Bio-protocol author page: a1500
Gerhard Krönke
Gerhard KrönkeAffiliation: Department of Internal Medicine 3, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute of Rheumatology and Immunology, Erlangen, Germany
For correspondence: gerhard.kroenke@uk-erlangen.de
Bio-protocol author page: a290
 and Georg Schett
Georg SchettAffiliation: Department of Internal Medicine 3, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute of Rheumatology and Immunology, Erlangen, Germany
For correspondence: georg.schett@uk-erlangen.de
Bio-protocol author page: a1502
Vol 4, Iss 14, 7/20/2014, 3419 views, 0 Q&A, How to cite
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21769/BioProtoc.1187

[Abstract] The Bone resorption assay provides an easy to use protocol for quantitatively measuring in vitro osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Osteoclasts can be seeded onto the bone slices and formation of resorption pits can be quantified via toluidinblue staining (Scholtysek et al., 2013).

Materials and Reagents

  1. Osteoclasts
  2. Bone slices (IDS PLC, catalog number: DT-1BON1000-96)
  3. Isopropanol
  4. Toluidine blue O (Sigma-Aldrich, catalog number: 198161)
  5. MilliQ water
  6. 96 well plates for cell culture (Greiner Bio-One GmbH, catalog numer: 650185)

Equipment

  1. OsteoMeasure System (http://www.osteometrics.com/product_info.htm)
  2. Ultrasonic water bath

Procedure

  1. Osteoclasts were plated (250,000 cells/well) in the presence and absence of calvarial osteoblasts in 96-well plates, previously equipped with bone slices.
  2. Cells were cultured in appropriate media for at least 14 days at 37 °C.
  3. After this time cells were washed twice with PBS and removed from bone slices via ultrasonication in 250 µl of 70% isopropanol for at least 15 min at high power.
    Note: A volume of 250 µl of 70% isopropanol before ultrasonication makes it easier to get rid of the cells.
  4. Resorption pit formation was visualized by 100 µl toluidine blue (1%; dissolved in water) staining for 2 min at RT.
  5. The slices were then rinsed with 250 µl MilliQ water at least 5 times to wash out residues.
  6. Resorption pits are now stained in dark blue (Figure 1) and resorption area can be quantified via Osteomeasure System or resorption pits/well can be counted via light microscopy.


    Figure 1. Resorption pit formation

Acknowledgments

This protocol was adapted from the previously published paper Scholtysek et al. (2013).

References

  1. Scholtysek, C., Katzenbeisser, J., Fu, H., Uderhardt, S., Ipseiz, N., Stoll, C., Zaiss, M. M., Stock, M., Donhauser, L., Bohm, C., Kleyer, A., Hess, A., Engelke, K., David, J. P., Djouad, F., Tuckermann, J. P., Desvergne, B., Schett, G. and Krönke, G. (2013). PPARbeta/delta governs Wnt signaling and bone turnover. Nat Med 19(5): 608-613.


How to cite this protocol: Scholtysek, C., Krönke, G. and Schett, G. (2014). Bone Resorption Assay. Bio-protocol 4(14): e1187. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.1187; Full Text



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