The protein recruitment onto chromatin is a critical process for DNA metabolism, including DNA replication, DNA repair and DNA recombination. Especially DNA modification enzymes and checkpoint proteins are loaded onto DNA damage sites in a context-dependent manner. In our recent study (Kunoh and Habu, 2014), the chromatin association of Pcf1, a large subunit of Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1), was monitored after exposure of cells to hydroxyurea which slowed down the DNA replication. Results of the chromatin fractionation assay provided evidence that Pcf1 was recruited to chromatin upon DNA replication stress. A similar procedure enabled to reveal the chromatin association of Orp1, Mcm proteins, and Swi6 (Sadaie et al., 2008; Ogawa et al., 1999). This assay allows us to fractionate chromatin-bound and -unbound proteins from living cells. The following immunoblot of the respective fractions provides the information concerning the chromatin binding status of our target proteins.
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