Tumors are heterogeneous microenvironments where complex interactions take place between neoplastic cells and infiltrating inflammatory cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) and tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADC). The relevance of tumor-infiltrating mononuclear myeloid cells is underscored by clinical studies showing a correlation between their abundance and poor prognosis (Laoui et al., 2011). These cells are able to promote tumor progression via several mechanisms, including induction of angiogenesis, remodeling of the extracellular matrix, stimulation of cancer cell proliferation and metastasis and the inhibition of adaptive immunity (Laoui et al., 2011). Moreover, mononuclear myeloid cells are characterized by plasticity and versatility in response to microenvironmental signals, resulting in different activation states, as illustrated by the presence of distinct functional TAM subsets in tumors (Movahedi et al., 2010; Laoui et al., 2014). Here, we describe a valuable isolation technique for TAM and TADC permitting their molecular and functional characterization.
Thanks for your further question/comment. It has been sent to the author(s) of this protocol. You will receive a notification once your question/comment is addressed again by the author(s).
Meanwhile, it would be great if you could help us to spread the word about Bio-protocol.