Search

Arginine-rich Peptides Can Actively Mediate Liquid-liquid Phase Separation   

Download PDF How to cite Favorites Q&A Share your feedback Cited by

In this protocol

Original research article

A brief version of this protocol appeared in:
Molecular Cell
Mar 2017

Abstract

Studying liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) of proteins provides key insights into the biogenesis of membraneless organelles and pathological protein aggregation in disease. We have established a protocol for inducing the phase separation of arginine-rich peptides, which allows for studying their molecular determinants and dynamics (Boeynaems et al., 2017).

Keywords: LLPS, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Peptides, Arginine, Phase separation, Mass spec, C9orf72, Stress granule

Background

Arginine-rich disordered domains are often found in RNA binding proteins, including the ones associated with neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., FUS, FMRP, hnRNPA1) (Varadi et al., 2015; Boeynaems et al., 2017). Also toxic arginine-rich repeat peptides (i.e., polyGR and polyPR) are produced in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients carrying the C9orf72 repeat expansion (Kwon et al., 2014; Mizielinska et al., 2014; Varadi et al., 2015; Boeynaems et al., 2016). While phase separation of uncharged low complexity domains had been studied before (Kato et al., 2012; Burke et al., 2015; Lin et al., 2015; Molliex et al., 2015; Patel et al., 2015), we developed this protocol to test whether arginine-rich domains could also contribute to phase separation. A schematic representation of the protocol can be seen in Figure 1.


Figure 1. Workflow of protein droplet formation and analysis. A diffuse arginine-rich peptide solution can be induced to undergo liquid-liquid phase separation by addition of RNA or molecular crowder (PEG). Resulting droplets can be further analyzed by fluorescence microscopy and FRAP.

Copyright: © 2017 The Authors; exclusive licensee Bio-protocol LLC.
How to cite: Boeynaems, S., De Decker, M., Tompa, P. and Van Den Bosch, L. (2017). Arginine-rich Peptides Can Actively Mediate Liquid-liquid Phase Separation. Bio-protocol 7(17): e2525. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2525.
Q&A

Please login to post your questions/comments. Your questions will be directed to the authors of the protocol. The authors will be requested to answer your questions at their earliest convenience. Once your questions are answered, you will be informed using the email address that you register with bio-protocol.
You are highly recommended to post your data including images for the troubleshooting.

You are highly recommended to post your data (images or even videos) for the troubleshooting. For uploading videos, you may need a Google account because Bio-protocol uses YouTube to host videos.