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Primer extension analysis is a useful method to determine the transcription start point or a processing site on an RNA molecule. It can also allow a quantitative measurement of an RNA species.

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Primer Extension Analysis Using AMV Reverse Transcriptase

Molecular Biology > RNA > Transcription
Author: Harald Putzer
Harald PutzerAffiliation: CNRS FRE3630, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Paris, France
For correspondence: putzer@ibpc.fr
Bio-protocol author page: a68
Vol 2, Iss 14, 7/20/2012, 3880 views, 0 Q&A, How to cite
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21769/BioProtoc.240

[Abstract] Primer extension analysis is a useful method to determine the transcription start point or a processing site on an RNA molecule. It can also allow a quantitative measurement of an RNA species.

Keywords: 5' end mapping, Reverse Transcription, Primer extension

Materials and Reagents

  1. AMV reverse transcriptase from the avian myeloblastosis virus (Finnzyme, catalog number: F570) (other reverse transcriptases can also be used, by adapting the reaction buffer)
  2. T4 polynucleotide kinase + 10x reaction buffer (Biolabs, catalog number: M0201)
  3. RNasin Plus RNase inhibitor (Promega Corporation, catalog number: N2611)
  4. Glycogen (Acros organics, catalog number: 422950010)
  5. NaCl 
  6. Tris-HCl (pH 7.5) 
  7. EDTA
  8. MgCl2
  9. EtOH
  10. dATP,dCTP,dGTP,dTTP (Promega Corporation, catalog number: U120D, U121D, U122D, U123D)
  11. γ-32P ATP (3,000 Ci/mmole, 10 μCi/μl) (PerkinElmer, catalog number: BLU502A)
  12. DTT (Promega Corporation, catalog number: P117B)
  13. 5x ss-Hybridization buffer (see Recipes)
  14. 1.25x RT buffer (see Recipes)

Equipment

  1. Incubator

Procedure

  1. Primer labelling
    1. Labelling mix (total volume 10 μl):
      1. 1 μl oligonucleotide (20-25 mer, 10 pmoles/μl)
      2. 3.5 μl γ32P ATP (10 μCi/μl)
      3. 1 μl T4 DNA polynucleotide kinase
      4. 1 μl 10x polynucleotide kinase reaction buffer
      5. 3.5 μl H2O
    2. Incubate 30 min at 37 °C, stop reaction on ice.

  2. Precipitation
    1. Add 1/10 vol 10 M LiCl.
    2. Add 3 vol EtOH (96 %).
    3. Incubate 30 min at -80 °C.
    4. Centrifuge 20 min at >10,000 x g at room temperature (RT), take off supernatant, don't wash.
    5. Air-dry pellet and take up in 10 μl (consider concentration to be 0.5 pmoles/μl).

  3. Annealing step
    1. Annealing mix (total volume 10 μl):
      1. 10 - 20 μg total RNA
      2. 10 U RNasin RNase inhibitor
      3. 0.5 pmole of 5' labelled primer (1 μl)
      4. 2 μl 5x ss-hybridization buffer
      5. Add water to 10 μl.

  4. Extension step
    1. Add directly to the annealing mix:
      1. 40 μl 1.25x RT buffer (pre-warmed at 50 °C)
      2. 10 U AMV transcriptase
      3. 10 U RNasin inhibitor
    2. Incubate 30 min at 50 °C (extension).

  5. Extension termination
    1. Add to the reaction mix:
      1. 1 μl EDTA (0.5 M)
      2. 6 μl NaOH (1 M)
    2. Incubate 10 min at 55 °C.
    3. Add 6 μl HCl (1 M) (neutralization).

  6. Precipitation
    1. Add 1/10 vol 10 M LiCl.
    2. Add 25 μg glycogen.
    3. 2.5 vol EtOH.
    4. Incubate at -20 °C for > 1 h.
    5. Centrifuge 10 min at >10,000 x g at room temperature, wash pellet 1x with 70% EtOH.
    6. Air-dry pellet and take up in 15 μl of classic DNA Loading dye buffer.

  7. Separation of reaction products on denaturing polyacrylamide gel.

Recipes

  1. 5x ss-Hybridization buffer
    1.5 M NaCl 
    50 mM Tris HCl (pH 7.5) 
    10 mM EDTA
  2. 1.25x RT buffer 
    1.25 mM dATP 
    1.25 mM dCTP 
    1.25 mM dGTP 
    1.25 mM dTTP
    12.5 mM DTT
    12.5 mM Tris HCl (pH 8)
    7.5 mM MgCl2

Acknowledgments

This laboratory protocol is a free adaption of various published and unpublished protocols and has evolved over time. We acknowledge the support by funds from the CNRS (UPR 9073) and Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite.

References

  1. Taverniti, V., Forti, F., Ghisotti, D. and Putzer, H. (2011). Mycobacterium smegmatis RNase J is a 5'-3' exo-/endoribonuclease and both RNase J and RNase E are involved in ribosomal RNA maturation. Mol Microbiol 82(5): 1260-1276.


How to cite this protocol: Putzer, H. (2012). Primer Extension Analysis Using AMV Reverse Transcriptase. Bio-protocol 2(14): e240. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.240; Full Text



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