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This high throughput DNA isolation protocol is used to extract DNA of high quality from plant tissues for various genetics studies, like genotyping, and mapping etc. This protocol uses the well-established CTAB extraction procedure, and has been adapted to be used with 96-well plates.

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[Bio101] DNA Extraction from Dried Plant Tissues Using 96-well format (cTab Method)
[Bio101] 高通量提取干植物组织的DNA(CTAB法-96孔板)

分子生物学 > DNA > DNA 提取
作者: Yongxian Lu
Yongxian LuAffiliation: Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
For correspondence: yxlu@stanford.edu
Bio-protocol author page: a28
7/5/2011, 8939 views, 5 Q&A, How to cite
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21769/BioProtoc.89

[Abstract] This high throughput DNA isolation protocol is used to extract DNA of high quality from plant tissues for various genetics studies, like genotyping, and mapping etc. This protocol uses the well-established CTAB extraction procedure, and has been adapted to be used with 96-well plates.

Materials and Reagents

  1. Hexadecyltrimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB) (Thermo Fisher Scientific)
  2. Sodium bisulfite
  3. Tungsten carbide beads
  4. Sodium chloride
  5. EDTA
  6. Tris-HCl (pH 8.0)
  7. β-mercapto-ethanol (BME)
  8. Chloroform
  9. Octanol
  10. Isopropanol
  11. Ethanol
  12. Sodium-acetate
  13. Ammonium-acetate
  14. TE (pH 8.0)
  15. 100 ml of CTAB (see Recipes)

Equipment

  1. Centrifuges (Eppendorf)
  2. Mixer mill
  3. Glass beaker
  4. Water bath
  5. 96-square well blocks

Procedure

  1. Tissue grounding:
    Before this step, the plant tissue should have been dried (either air-dried or vacuum dried).
    1. Add tungsten carbide beads to freeze-dried samples. These will grind the sample.
    2. Grind leaf samples four times in the mixer mill, reversing orientations of the trays and switching shaker arms between grinds. Make sure the sample is ground into a fine powder (this influences yield).
    3. Add 350 μl of CTAB (don’t forget the β-mercaptoethanol). Grind the sample again in the mixer mill.
    4. Wrap the boxes with tape and incubate in the 60 °C water bath for 30 min, shaking them gently every 10 min (be sure the caps on the tubes are secure before shaking-the pressure from heating the tubes can pop them off).
    5. Sit the tubes on the bench for 10 min to allow them to return to room temperature.
    6. Spin the samples in the tabletop centrifuge for a few seconds to get the leaf tissue off the lid.

  2. Phase separation:
    1. Add 350 μl of chloroform: octanol (24:1) to the tubes (use a 1 L glass beaker for the chloroform: octanol). Shake the tubes continuously for 5 min under the fume hood.
      * Use new caps during this step.
    2. Spin the samples in the tabletop centrifuge for twenty minutes at 3,250 rpm.
    3. Add 200 μl of chloroform: octanol (24:1) to a new set of tubes and label the tubes.
    4. Remove the upper (aqueous) phase to the new tubes. Try to get about 200 μl of fluid, but less is okay.
    5. Shake the tubes continuously for 5 min under the fume hood.
    6. Spin in the tabletop centrifuge for 20 min at 3,250 rpm. The upper (aqueous) phase will be used in the following steps.

  3. DNA precipitation:
    1. Add 150 μl of -20 °C isopropanol to a set of 96-square well blocks (deep well, V-bottom).
    2. Collect the upper (aqueous) phase from tubes after step 6 in the phase separation section to the square blocks. Try to get 12-150 μl of fluid, but less is okay. Gently mix the solution by swirling the trays.
    3. To increase the yield, let the DNA precipitate overnight at -20 °C.
    4. Set the tabletop centrifuge to 4 °C. Once it has cooled down, spin the DNA samples in the tabletop centrifuge for 15 min at 3,250 rpm.
    5. Pour out isopropanol into sink and very gently tap out trays over a paper towel.

  4. DNA wash:
    1. Add 500 μl of 76% ethanol/0.2 M sodium-acetate. Let the samples sit in this solution for 20 min.
    2. Spin in the tabletop centrifuge for 10 min at 3,250 rpm.
    3. Pour out the 76% ethanol/0.2 M sodium-acetate and very gently tap out the trays over a paper towel.
    4. Add 250 μl of 76% ethanol/10 mM ammonium-acetate. Let the samples sit for 2 min.
    5. Spin in the tabletop centrifuge for 10 min at 3.250 rpm.
    6. Pour out the 76% ethanol/10 mM ammonium-acetate and very gently tap out the trays over a paper towel.
    7. Air dry on the bench for 10-15 min or until dry.
    8. Add TE (pH 8.0) to the trays. Place in the cold room at 4 °C overnight to let DNA re-suspend.
      1. 50 μl TE for corn (40x concentration)
      2. 200 μl TE for Arabidopsis (working concentration)

Recipes

  1. 100 ml of CTAB
    2 g CTAB
    1 g sodium bisulfite
    28 ml 5 M sodium chloride
    4 ml 0.5 M EDTA
    10 ml 1.0 M Tris-HCl (pH 8.0)
    1.0 ml BME right at time of use

References

  1. Saghai-Maroof, M. A., Soliman, K. M., Jorgensen, R. A. and Allard, R. W. (1984). Ribosomal DNA spacer-length polymorphisms in barley: mendelian inheritance, chromosomal location, and population dynamics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 81(24): 8014-8018.


How to cite this protocol: Lu, Y. (2011). DNA Extraction from Dried Plant Tissues Using 96-well format (cTab Method). Bio-protocol Bio101: e89. DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.89; Full Text



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4/2/2015 9:48:38 PM  

ASM Islam
Tennessee State University

I want to extract dna from dry leaf samples. Will i use liquid nitrogen for grinding the dry leaf samples?in my case, I am able to grind sample finely without using liquid nitrogen. Will I keep the tubes containing grinding leaf powder in liquid nitrogen before using lysis buffer or after grinding use lysis buffer directly?

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10/24/2014 3:08:12 AM  

Ioannis Panetas
Aristotle university

Does it work with a long time dried plant?
Is it possible only with leafs or could we use οther organs of the plant?

10/31/2014 11:19:40 PM  

Yongxian Lu (Author)
Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University, USA

as long as the DNA is still there, it should be fine no matter how long the plants have been dried.

when use this protocol for other parts/tissues, make sure the tungsten carbide beads can crack them.

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3/29/2012 7:25:27 PM  

Please tell me. How can extract DNA from the dried leaf of a plant

4/1/2012 2:26:32 PM  

Yongxian Lu (Author)
Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University, USA

Even in the dry tissues, DNA is still there. So one can ground the tissue and then isolate and purify DNA.

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2/20/2012 8:30:47 PM  

Could you please explain why in the DNA wash steps (18-23) you are using acetate salts in addition to ethanol? I have checked the paper by Saghai-Maroof and they too explain nothing about it.

2/22/2012 2:44:34 AM  

Yongxian Lu (Author)
Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University, USA

Frankly i don't know why sodium-acetate is added to wash DNA, but my guess would be it is in order to get pure DNA by removing metabolites

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2/18/2012 5:55:45 PM  

we tried ur protocol for dried plant but we couldnt get dna band how to isolate the dan from plant

2/22/2012 2:43:54 AM  

Yongxian Lu (Author)
Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University, USA

This method is basically based on the classical phenol choroform DNA isolation, so it's hard to imagine that you cannot get any DNA. my suggestion would be try something like increase you sample quantity, also, pay attention to certain steps, like when you add isoproponol, make sure it mix well with the DNA solution before spinning.

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