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Aardra Kachroo

Education

Ph.D. in Microbiology, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India & The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, CA, 1999

Current position

Associate Professor, Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky

Publications

  1. Gao, Q. M., Yu, K., Xia, Y., Shine, M. B., Wang, C., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2014). Mono- and digalactosyldiacylglycerol lipids function nonredundantly to regulate systemic acquired resistance in plants. Cell Rep 9(5): 1681-1691.
  2. Wendehenne, D., Gao, Q. M., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2014). Free radical-mediated systemic immunity in plants. Curr Opin Plant Biol 20: 127-134.
  3. Wang, J., Shine, M. B., Gao, Q. M., Navarre, D., Jiang, W., Liu, C., Chen, Q., Hu, G. and Kachroo, A. (2014). Enhanced disease susceptibility1 mediates pathogen resistance and virulence function of a bacterial effector in soybean. Plant Physiol 165(3): 1269-1284.
  4. Wang, C., El-Shetehy, M., Shine, M. B., Yu, K., Navarre, D., Wendehenne, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2014). Free radicals mediate systemic acquired resistance. Cell Rep 7(2): 348-355.
  5. Zhu, S., Lim, G. H., Yu, K., Jeong, R. D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2014). RNA silencing components mediate resistance signaling against turnip crinkle virus. Plant Signal Behav 9(3): e28435
  6. Selote, D., Shine, M. B., Robin, G. P. and Kachroo, A. (2014). Soybean NDR1-like proteins bind pathogen effectors and regulate resistance signaling. New Phytol 202(2): 485-498.
  7. Selote, D., Robin, G. P. and Kachroo, A. (2013). GmRIN4 protein family members function nonredundantly in soybean race-specific resistance against Pseudomonas syringae. New Phytol 197(4): 1225-1235.
  8. Zhu, S., Jeong, R. D., Lim, G. H., Yu, K., Wang, C., Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Navarre, D., Klessig, D. F., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2013). Double-stranded RNA-binding protein 4 is required for resistance signaling against viral and bacterial pathogens. Cell Rep 4(6): 1168-1184.
  9. Yu, K., Soares, J. M., Mandal, M. K., Wang, C., Chanda, B., Gifford, A. N., Fowler, J. S., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2013). A feedback regulatory loop between G3P and lipid transfer proteins DIR1 and AZI1 mediates azelaic-acid-induced systemic immunity. Cell Rep 3(4): 1266-1278.
  10. Selote, D., Robin, G. P. and Kachroo, A. (2013). GmRIN4 protein family members function nonredundantly in soybean race-specific resistance against Pseudomonas syringae. New Phytol 197(4): 1225-1235.
  11. Xia, Y., Yu, K., Gao, Q. M., Wilson, E. V., Navarre, D., Kachroo, P. and Kachroo, A.* (2012). Acyl CoA binding proteins are required for cuticle formation and plant responses to microbes. Front Plant Sci 3: 224.
  12. Mandal, M. K., Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Jeong, R. D., Yu, K., Zhu, S., Chanda, B., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2012). Oleic acid-dependent modulation of NITRIC OXIDE ASSOCIATED1 protein levels regulates nitric oxide-mediated defense signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 24(4): 1654-1674.
  13. Zhu, S., Jeong, R. D., Venugopal, S. C., Lapchyk, L., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2011). SAG101 forms a ternary complex with EDS1 and PAD4 and is required for resistance signaling against turnip crinkle virus. PLoS Pathog 7(11): e1002318.
  14. Mandal, M. K., Chanda, B., Xia, Y., Yu, K., Sekine, K. T., Gao, Q. M., Selote, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2011). Glycerol-3-phosphate and systemic immunity. Plant Signal Behav 6(11): 1871-1874.
  15. Singh, A. K., Fu, D. Q., El-Habbak, M., Navarre, D., Ghabrial, S. and Kachroo, A.* (2011). Silencing genes encoding omega-3 fatty acid desaturase alters seed size and accumulation of Bean pod mottle virus in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 24(4): 506-515.
  16. Díaz-Camino, C., Annamalai, P., Sanchez, F., Kachroo, A. and Ghabrial, S. A.* (2011). An effective virus-based gene silencing method for functional genomics studies in common bean. Plant methods 7(1): 16.
  17. Chanda, B., Xia, Y., Mandal, M. K., Yu, K., Sekine, K. T., Gao, Q. M., Selote, D., Hu, Y., Stromberg, A., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2011). Glycerol-3-phosphate is a critical mobile inducer of systemic immunity in plants. Nat Genet 43(5): 421-427.
  18. Singh, A. K., Fu, D. Q., El-Habbak, M., Navarre, D., Ghabrial, S. and Kachroo, A. (2011). Silencing genes encoding omega-3 fatty acid desaturase alters seed size and accumulation of Bean pod mottle virus in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 24(4): 506-515.
  19. Gao, Q. M., Venugopal, S., Navarre, D. and Kachroo, A. (2011). Low oleic acid-derived repression of jasmonic acid-inducible defense responses requires the WRKY50 and WRKY51 proteins. Plant Physiol 155(1): 464-476.
  20. Jeong, R. D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2010). Blue light photoreceptors are required for the stability and function of a resistance protein mediating viral defense in Arabidopsis. Plant Signal Behav 5(11): 1504-1509.
  21. Xia, Y., Yu, K., Navarre, D., Seebold, K., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2010). The glabra1 mutation affects cuticle formation and plant responses to microbes. Plant Physiol 154(2): 833-846.
  22. Selote, D. and Kachroo, A. (2010). RPG1-B-derived resistance to AvrB-expressing Pseudomonas syringae requires RIN4-like proteins in soybean. Plant Physiol 153(3): 1199-1211.
  23. Selote, D. and Kachroo, A. (2010). RIN4-like proteins mediate resistance protein-derived soybean defense against Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Signal Behav 5(11): 1453-1456.
  24. Jeong, R. D., Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Barman, S. R., Navarre, D., Klessig, D. F., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2010). Cryptochrome 2 and phototropin 2 regulate resistance protein-mediated viral defense by negatively regulating an E3 ubiquitin ligase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107(30): 13538-13543.
  25. Fu, D. Q., Ghabrial, S. and Kachroo, A. (2009). GmRAR1 and GmSGT1 are required for basal, R gene-mediated and systemic acquired resistance in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22(1): 86-95.
  26. Venugopal, S. C., Chanda, B., Vaillancourt, L., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2009). The common metabolite glycerol-3-phosphate is a novel regulator of plant defense signaling. Plant Signal Behav 4(8): 746-749.
  27. Venugopal, S. C., Jeong, R. D., Mandal, M. K., Zhu, S., Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Xia, Y., Hersh, M., Stromberg, A. J., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2009). Enhanced disease susceptibility 1 and salicylic acid act redundantly to regulate resistance gene-mediated signaling. PLoS Genet 5(7): e1000545.
  28. Xia, Y., Gao, Q. M., Yu, K., Lapchyk, L., Navarre, D., Hildebrand, D., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2009). An intact cuticle in distal tissues is essential for the induction of systemic acquired resistance in plants. Cell Host Microbe 5(2): 151-165.
  29. Fu, D. Q., Ghabrial, S. and Kachroo, A. (2009). GmRAR1 and GmSGT1 are required for basal, R gene-mediated and systemic acquired resistance in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22(1): 86-95.
  30. Kachroo, A., Fu, D. Q., Havens, W., Navarre, D., Kachroo, P. and Ghabrial, S. A. (2008). An oleic acid-mediated pathway induces constitutive defense signaling and enhanced resistance to multiple pathogens in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21(5): 564-575.
  31. Jeong, R. D., Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Kachroo, A., Klessig, D. F. and Kachroo, P. (2008). HRT-mediated hypersensitive response and resistance to Turnip crinkle virus in Arabidopsis does not require the function of TIP, the presumed guardee protein. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21(10): 1316-1324.
  32. Chanda, B., Venugopal, S. C., Kulshrestha, S., Navarre, D. A., Downie, B., Vaillancourt, L., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2008). Glycerol-3-phosphate levels are associated with basal resistance to the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 147(4): 2017-2029.
  33. Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Venugopal, S. C., Barman, S. R., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2007). Plastidial fatty acid levels regulate resistance gene-dependent defense signaling in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(17): 7277-7282.
  34. Kachroo, A., Shanklin, J., Whittle, E., Lapchyk, L., Hildebrand, D. and Kachroo, P. (2007). The Arabidopsis stearoyl-acyl carrier protein-desaturase family and the contribution of leaf isoforms to oleic acid synthesis. Plant Mol Biol 63(2): 257-271.
  35. Kachroo, P., Venugopal, S. C., Navarre, D. A., Lapchyk, L. and Kachroo, A. (2005). Role of salicylic acid and fatty acid desaturation pathways in ssi2-mediated signaling. Plant Physiol 139(4): 1717-1735.
  36. Chandra-Shekara, A. C., Navarre, D., Kachroo, A., Kang, H. G., Klessig, D. and Kachroo, P. (2004). Signaling requirements and role of salicylic acid in HRT- and rrt-mediated resistance to turnip crinkle virus in Arabidopsis. Plant J 40(5): 647-659.
  37. Kachroo, A., Venugopal, S. C., Lapchyk, L., Falcone, D., Hildebrand, D. and Kachroo, P. (2004). Oleic acid levels regulated by glycerolipid metabolism modulate defense gene expression in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(14): 5152-5157.
  38. Chookajorn, T., Kachroo, A., Ripoll, D. R., Clark, A. G. and Nasrallah, J. B. (2004). Specificity determinants and diversification of the Brassica self-incompatibility pollen ligand. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(4): 911-917.
  39. Kachroo, A., Lapchyk, L., Fukushige, H., Hildebrand, D., Klessig, D. and Kachroo, P. (2003). Plastidial fatty acid signaling modulates salicylic acid- and jasmonic acid-mediated defense pathways in the Arabidopsis ssi2 mutant. Plant Cell 15(12): 2952-2965.
  40. Kachroo, P., Kachroo, A., Lapchyk, L., Hildebrand, D. and Klessig, D. F. (2003). Restoration of defective cross talk in ssi2 mutants: role of salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, and fatty acids in SSI2-mediated signaling. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 16(11): 1022-1029.
  41. Kachroo, A., He, Z., Patkar, R., Zhu, Q., Zhong, J., Li, D., Ronald, P., Lamb, C. and Chattoo, B. B. (2003). Induction of H2O2 in transgenic rice leads to cell death and enhanced resistance to both bacterial and fungal pathogens. Transgenic Res 12(5): 577-586.
  42. Kachroo, A., Schopfer, C. R., Nasrallah, M. E. and Nasrallah, J. B. (2001). Allele-specific receptor-ligand interactions in Brassica self-incompatibility. Science 293(5536): 1824-1826.
  43. Sharma, R., Kachroo, A. and Bastia, D. (2001). Mechanistic aspects of DnaA-RepA interaction as revealed by yeast forward and reverse two-hybrid analysis. EMBO J 20(16): 4577-4587.
  44. Mulugu, S., Potnis, A.*, Taylor, J., Alexander, K. and Bastia, D. (2001). Mechanism of termination of DNA replication of Escherichia coli involves helicase–contrahelicase interaction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98(17): 9569-9574. (*Maiden name)

Book Chapters And Reviews

  1. Wendehenne, D., Gao, Q. M., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P.* (2014). Free radical-mediated systemic immunity in plants. Curr Opin Plant Biol 20: 127-134.
  2. Gao, Q. M., Kachroo, A.* and Kachroo, P.* (2014). Chemical inducers of systemic immunity in plants. J Exp Bot 65(7): 1849-1855.
  3. Gao, Q.-M., Singh, A., Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2013). Long distance signaling during systemic acquired resistance. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry 26(2): 111-117.
  4. Kachroo, A.* and Robin, G. P. (2013). Systemic signaling during plant defense. Curr Opin Plant Biol 16(4): 527-533.
  5. Kachroo, A.* and Ghabrial, S. (2012). Virus-induced gene silencing in soybean. Methods Mol Biol 894: 287-297.
  6. Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P. (2007). Salicylic acid-, jasmonic acid- and ethylene-mediated regulation of plant defense signaling. Genet Eng (N Y) 28: 55-83.
  7. Kachroo, A., Nasrallah, M. E. and Nasrallah, J. B. (2002). Self-incompatibility in the Brassicaceae: receptor-ligand signaling and cell-to-cell communication. Plant Cell 14 Suppl: S227-238.
Protocols by Aardra Kachroo
  1. Airbrush Infiltration Method for Pseudomonas syringae Infection Assays in Soybean