Welcome guest, Login | Register


Chengcai Chu


Ph.D. in Martin-Luther University, Halle (Saale), Germany, 1996

Current position

Professor of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
Deputy director of National Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics

Publications (selected)

  1. Wang, H., Xu, X., Vieira, F. G., Xiao, Y., Li, Z., Wang, J., Nielsen, R. and Chu, C. (2016). The Power of Inbreeding: NGS-Based GWAS of Rice Reveals Convergent Evolution during Rice Domestication. Mol Plant 9(7): 975-985.
  2. Tong, H. and Chu, C. (2016). Reply: Brassinosteroid Regulates Gibberellin Synthesis to Promote Cell Elongation in Rice: Critical Comments on Ross and Quittenden's Letter. Plant Cell 28(4): 833-835.
  3. Gao, S., Fang, J., Xu, F., Wang, W. and Chu, C. (2016). Rice HOX12 Regulates Panicle Exsertion by Directly Modulating the Expression of ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE1. Plant Cell 28(3): 680-695.
  4. Che, R., Tong, H., Shi, B., Liu, Y., Fang, S., Liu, D., Xiao, Y., Hu, B., Liu, L., Wang, H., Zhao, M. and Chu, C. (2015). Control of grain size and rice yield by GL2-mediated brassinosteroid responses. Nat Plants 2: 15195.
  5. Chu, C. (2015). A New Era for Crop Improvement: From Model-Guided Rationale Design to Practical Engineering. Mol Plant 8(9): 1299-1301.
  6. Liu, L., Tong, H., Xiao, Y., Che, R., Xu, F., Hu, B., Liang, C., Chu, J., Li, J. and Chu, C. (2015). Activation of Big Grain1 significantly improves grain size by regulating auxin transport in rice. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112(35): 11102-11107.
  7. Hu, B., Wang, W., Ou, S., Tang, J., Li, H., Che, R., Zhang, Z., Chai, X., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Liang, C., Liu, L., Piao, Z., Deng, Q., Deng, K., Xu, C., Liang, Y., Zhang, L., Li, L. and Chu, C. (2015). Variation in NRT1.1B contributes to nitrate-use divergence between rice subspecies. Nat Genet 47(7): 834-838.
  8. Liang, C., Zheng, G., Li, W., Wang, Y., Hu, B., Wang, H., Wu, H., Qian, Y., Zhu, X. G., Tan, D. X., Chen, S. Y. and Chu, C. (2015). Melatonin delays leaf senescence and enhances salt stress tolerance in rice. J Pineal Res 59(1): 91-101.
  9. Wang, W., Zhang, L., Li, H., Zhang, Z., Hu, B. and Chu, C. (2015). Recent progress in molecular dissection of nutrient uptake and transport in rice. Sci. Sin. Vitae 45(6): 569-590.
  10. Liang, C. and Chu, C. (2015). Towards understanding abscisic acid-mediated leaf senescence. Sci China Life Sci 58(5): 506-508.
  11. Hu, B., Wang, W., Deng, K., Li, H., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L. and Chu, C. (2015). MicroRNA399 is involved in multiple nutrient starvation responses in rice. Front Plant Sci 6: 188.
  12. Xu, F., Fang, J., Ou, S., Gao, S., Zhang, F., Du, L., Xiao, Y., Wang, H., Sun, X., Chu, J., Wang, G. and Chu, C. (2015). Variations in CYP78A13 coding region influence grain size and yield in rice. Plant Cell Environ 38(4): 800-811.
  13. Sun, C., Chen, D., Fang, J., Wang, P., Deng, X. and Chu, C. (2014). Understanding the genetic and epigenetic architecture in complex network of rice flowering pathways. Protein Cell. (Epub ahead of print)
  14. Liu, Y., Fang, J., Xu, F., Chu, J., Yan, C., Schlappi, M. R., Wang, Y. and Chu, C. (2014). Expression patterns of ABA and GA metabolism genes and hormone levels during rice seed development and imbibition: a comparison of dormant and non-dormant rice cultivars. J Genet Genomics 41(6): 327-338.
  15. Liang, C., Wang, Y., Zhu, Y., Tang, J., Hu, B., Liu, L., Ou, S., Wu, H., Sun, X., Chu, J. and Chu, C. (2014). OsNAP connects abscisic acid and leaf senescence by fine-tuning abscisic acid biosynthesis and directly targeting senescence-associated genes in rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111(27): 10013-10018.
  16. Gao, S., Fang, J., Xu, F., Wang, W., Sun, X., Chu, J., Cai, B., Feng, Y. and Chu, C. (2014). CYTOKININ OXIDASE/DEHYDROGENASE4 Integrates Cytokinin and Auxin Signaling to Control Rice Crown Root Formation. Plant Physiol 165(3): 1035-1046.
  17. Zhang, L., Hu, B., Li, W., Che, R., Deng, K., Li, H., Yu, F., Ling, H., Li, Y. and Chu, C. (2014). OsPT2, a phosphate transporter, is involved in the active uptake of selenite in rice. New Phytol 201(4): 1183-1191.
  18. Su, L., Li, A., Li, H., Chu, C. and Qiu, J. L. (2013). Direct modulation of protein level in Arabidopsis. Mol Plant 6(5): 1711-1714.
  19. Wang, Y., Lin, A., Loake, G. J. and Chu, C. (2013). H2O2-induced leaf cell death and the crosstalk of reactive nitric/oxygen species. J Integr Plant Biol 55(3): 202-208.
  20. Wang, Y., Loake, G. J. and Chu, C. (2013). Cross-talk of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species in plant programed cell death. Front Plant Sci 4: 314.
  21. Liu, C., Mao, B., Ou, S., Wang, W., Liu, L., Wu, Y., Chu, C.* and Wang, X.* (2014). OsbZIP71, a bZIP transcription factor, confers salinity and drought tolerance in rice. Plant Mol Biol 84(1-2): 19-36. (*Corresponding author)
  22. Guo, X., Hou, X., Fang, J., Wei, P., Xu, B., Chen, M., Feng, Y. and Chu, C. (2013). The rice GERMINATION DEFECTIVE 1, encoding a B3 domain transcriptional repressor, regulates seed germination and seedling development by integrating GA and carbohydrate metabolism. Plant J 75(3): 403-416.
  23. Wang, L., Song, X., Gu, L., Li, X., Cao, S., Chu, C., Cui, X., Chen, X. and Cao, X. (2013). NOT2 proteins promote polymerase II-dependent transcription and interact with multiple MicroRNA biogenesis factors in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 25(2): 715-727.
  24. Sun, C., Fang, J., Zhao, T., Xu, B., Zhang, F., Liu, L., Tang, J., Zhang, G., Deng, X., Chen, F., Qian, Q., Cao, X. and Chu, C. (2012). The histone methyltransferase SDG724 mediates H3K36me2/3 deposition at MADS50 and RFT1 and promotes flowering in rice. Plant Cell 24(8): 3235-3247.
  25. Tong, H., Liu, L., Jin, Y., Du, L., Yin, Y., Qian, Q., Zhu, L. and Chu, C. (2012). DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING acts as a direct downstream target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to mediate brassinosteroid responses in rice. Plant Cell 24(6): 2562-2577.
  26. Wu, H. J., Zhang, Z., Wang, J. Y., Oh, D. H., Dassanayake, M., Liu, B., Huang, Q., Sun, H. X., Xia, R., Wu, Y., Wang, Y. N., Yang, Z., Liu, Y., Zhang, W., Zhang, H., Chu, J., Yan, C., Fang, S., Zhang, J., Wang, Y., Zhang, F., Wang, G., Lee, S. Y., Cheeseman, J. M., Yang, B., Li, B., Min, J., Yang, L., Wang, J.*, Chu, C.*, Chen, S. Y.*, Bohnert, H. J.*, Zhu, J. K.*, Wang, X. J.*and Xie, Q.* (2012). Insights into salt tolerance from the genome of Thellungiella salsuginea. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109(30): 12219-12224.
  27. Song, X., Wang, D., Ma, L., Chen, Z., Li, P., Cui, X., Liu, C., Cao, S., Chu, C., Tao, Y. and Cao, X. (2012). Rice RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 acts in small RNA biogenesis and spikelet development. Plant J 71(3): 378-389.
  28. Song, X., Li, P., Zhai, J., Zhou, M., Ma, L., Liu, B., Jeong, D. H., Nakano, M., Cao, S., Liu, C., Chu, C., Wang, X. J., Green, P. J., Meyers, B. C. and Cao, X. (2012). Roles of DCL4 and DCL3b in rice phased small RNA biogenesis. Plant J 69(3): 462-474.
  29. Wu, H., Chen, C., Du, J., Liu, H., Cui, Y., Zhang, Y., He, Y., Wang, Y., Chu, C., Feng, Z., Li, J. and Ling, H. Q. (2012). Co-overexpression FIT with AtbHLH38 or AtbHLH39 in Arabidopsis-enhanced cadmium tolerance via increased cadmium sequestration in roots and improved iron homeostasis of shoots. Plant Physiol 158(2): 790-800.
  30. Tong, H. and Chu, C. (2012). Brassinosteroid signaling and application in rice. J Genet Genomics 39(1): 3-9.
  31. Liu, X.^, Li, F.^, Tang, J., Wang, W., Zhang, F., Wang, G., Chu, J., Yan, C., Wang, T., Chu, C.* and Li, C.* (2012). Activation of the jasmonic acid pathway by depletion of the hydroperoxide lyase OsHPL3 reveals crosstalk between the HPL and AOS branches of the oxylipin pathway in rice. PLoS One 7(11): e50089. (*Corresponding author).
  32. Shen, H., Liu, C., Zhang, Y., Meng, X., Zhou, X., Chu, C. and Wang, X. (2012). OsWRKY30 is activated by MAP kinases to confer drought tolerance in rice. Plant Mol Biol 80(3): 241-253.
  33. Lin, A., Wang, Y., Tang, J., Xue, P., Li, C., Liu, L., Hu, B., Yang, F., Loake, G. J. and Chu, C. (2012). Nitric oxide and protein S-nitrosylation are integral to hydrogen peroxide-induced leaf cell death in rice. Plant Physiol 158(1): 451-464.
  34. Wang, H., Fang, J., Liang, C., He, M., Li, Q. and Chu, C. (2011). Computation-assisted SiteFinding- PCR for isolating flanking sequence tags in rice. Biotechniques 51(6): 421-423.
  35. Jin, Y., Luo, Q., Tong, H., Wang, A., Cheng, Z., Tang, J., Li, D., Zhao, X., Li, X., Wan, J., Jiao, Y., Chu, C. and Zhu, L. (2011). An AT-hook gene is required for palea formation and floral organ number control in rice. Dev Biol 359(2): 277-288.
  36. Yang, Z. and Chu, C. (2011). Towards understanding plant response to heavy metal stress. In: Venkateswarlu, B. and Shanker, A. K. (eds). Abiotic Stress in Plants - Mechanisms and Adaptations. p59-78.
  37. Kong, F., Mao, S., Du, K., Wu, M., Zhou, X., Chu, C. and Wang, Y. (2011). Comparative proteomics analysis of OsNAS1 transgenic Brassica napus under salt stress. Chinese Science Bulletin 56(22): 2343-2350.
  38. Li, C., Wang, Y., Liu, L., Hu, Y., Zhang, F., Mergen, S., Wang, G., Schlappi, M. R. and Chu, C. (2011). A rice plastidial nucleotide sugar epimerase is involved in galactolipid biosynthesis and improves photosynthetic efficiency. PLoS Genet 7(7): e1002196.
  39. Feng, J.-X., Cao, L., Li, J., Duan, C.-J., Luo, X.-M., Le, N., Wei, H., Liang, S., Chu, C. and Pan, Q. (2011). Involvement of OsNPR1/NH1 in rice basal resistance to blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. European journal of plant pathology 131(2): 221-235.
  40. Kong, F., Mao, S., Du, K., Wu, M., Zhou, X., Chu, C. and Wang, Y. (2011). Comparative proteomics analysis of OsNAS1 transgenic Brassica napus under salt stress. Chinese Science Bulletin 56(22): 2343-2350.
  41. Meng, X. Y., Qin, J., Wang, L. H., Duan, G. L., Sun, G. X., Wu, H. L., Chu, C. C., Ling, H. Q., Rosen, B. P. and Zhu, Y. G. (2011). Arsenic biotransformation and volatilization in transgenic rice. New Phytol 191(1): 49-56.
  42. Tang, J., Zhu, X., Wang, Y., Liu, L., Xu, B., Li, F., Fang, J. and Chu, C. (2011). Semi-dominant mutations in the CC-NB-LRR-type R gene, NLS1, lead to constitutive activation of defense responses in rice. Plant J 66(6): 996-1007.
  43. Gao, T., Wu, Y., Zhang, Y., Liu, L., Ning, Y., Wang, D., Tong, H., Chen, S., Chu, C. and Xie, Q. (2011). OsSDIR1 overexpression greatly improves drought tolerance in transgenic rice. Plant Mol Biol 76(1-2): 145-156.
  44. Hu, B. and Chu, C. (2011). Phosphate starvation signaling in rice. Plant Signal Behav 6(7): 927-929.
  45. Hu, B., Zhu, C., Li, F., Tang, J., Wang, Y., Lin, A., Liu, L., Che, R. and Chu, C. (2011). LEAF TIP NECROSIS1 plays a pivotal role in the regulation of multiple phosphate starvation responses in rice. Plant Physiol 156(3): 1101-1115.
  46. Wu, X., Zuo, S., Chen, Z., Zhang, Y., Zhu, J., Ma, N., Tang, J., Chu, C. and Pan, X. (2011). Fine mapping of qSTV11TQ, a major gene conferring resistance to rice stripe disease. Theor Appl Genet 122(5): 915-923.
  47. Jian, S., Wan, Y., Luo, X., Fang, J., Chu, C. and Xie, J. (2011). Genetic analysis of cold tolerance at the seedling stage in Dongxiang Wild rice (Oryza rufipogon). Chinese Bull. Bot. 46: 21-27.
  48. Sun, C.^, Liu, L.^, Tang, J., Lin, A., Zhang, F., Fang, J., Zhang, G. and Chu, C. (2011). RLIN1, encoding a putative coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, is involved in lesion initiation in rice. J Genet Genomics 38(1): 29-37. (^Co-first authors)
  49. Chai, C., Fang, J., Liu, Y., Tong, H., Gong, Y., Wang, Y., Liu, M., Wang, Y., Qian, Q. and Cheng, Z. (2011). ZEBRA2, encoding a carotenoid isomerase, is involved in photoprotection in rice. Plant molecular biology 75(3): 211-221.
  50. Qin, X., Liu, Y., Mao, S., Li, T., Wu, H., Chu, C. and Wang, Y. (2011). Genetic transformation of lipid transfer protein encoding gene in Phalaenopsis amabilis to enhance cold resistance. Euphytica 177(1): 33-43.
  51. Zhang, S., Li, G., Fang, J., Chen, W., Jiang, H., Zou, J., Liu, X., Zhao, X., Li, X., Chu, C., Xie, Q., Jiang, X. and Zhu, L. (2010). The interactions among DWARF10, auxin and cytokinin underlie lateral bud outgrowth in rice. J Integr Plant Biol 52(7): 626-638.
  52. Li, F., Liu, W., Tang, J., Chen, J., Tong, H., Hu, B., Li, C., Fang, J., Chen, M. and Chu, C. (2010). Rice DENSE AND ERECT PANICLE 2 is essential for determining panicle outgrowth and elongation. Cell Res 20(7): 838-849.
  53. Chen, H., Zhang, Z., Teng, K., Lai, J., Zhang, Y., Huang, Y., Li, Y., Liang, L., Wang, Y., Chu, C., Guo, H. and Xie, Q. (2010). Up-regulation of LSB1/GDU3 affects geminivirus infection by activating the salicylic acid pathway. Plant J 62(1): 12-23.
  54. Wang, Y., Chen, C., Loake, G. J. and Chu, C. (2010). Nitric oxide: promoter or suppressor of programmed cell death? Protein Cell 1(2): 133-142.
  55. Spadaro, D., Yun, B. W., Spoel, S. H., Chu, C., Wang, Y. Q. and Loake, G. J. (2010). The redox switch: dynamic regulation of protein function by cysteine modifications. Physiol Plant 138(4): 360-371.
  56. Tong, H. and Chu, C. (2009). Roles of DLT in fine modulation on brassinosteroid response in rice. Plant Signal Behav 4(5): 438-439.
  57. Tong, H., Jin, Y., Liu, W., Li, F., Fang, J., Yin, Y., Qian, Q., Zhu, L. and Chu, C. (2009). DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING, a new member of the GRAS family, plays positive roles in brassinosteroid signaling in rice. Plant J 58(5): 803-816.
  58. Ma, Y., Liu, L., Zhu, C., Sun, C., Xu, B., Fang, J., Tang, J., Luo, A., Cao, S., Li, G., Qian, Q., Xue, Y. and Chu, C. (2009). Molecular analysis of rice plants harboring a multi-functional T-DNA tagging system. J Genet Genomics 36(5): 267-276.
  59. Huang, X., Qian, Q., Liu, Z., Sun, H., He, S., Luo, D., Xia, G., Chu, C., Li, J. and Fu, X. (2009). Natural variation at the DEP1 locus enhances grain yield in rice. Nat Genet 41(4): 494-497.
  60. Wang, Y. Q., Feechan, A., Yun, B. W., Shafiei, R., Hofmann, A., Taylor, P., Xue, P., Yang, F. Q., Xie, Z. S., Pallas, J. A., Chu, C. C. and Loake, G. J. (2009). S-nitrosylation of AtSABP3 antagonizes the expression of plant immunity. J Biol Chem 284(4): 2131-2137.
  61. Guo, X., Wu, Y., Wang, Y., Chen, Y. and Chu, C. (2009). OsMSRA4.1 and OsMSRB1.1, two rice plastidial methionine sulfoxide reductases, are involved in abiotic stress responses. Planta 230(1): 227-238.
  62. Yang, Z., Wu, Y., Li, Y., Ling, H. Q. and Chu, C. (2009). OsMT1a, a type 1 metallothionein, plays the pivotal role in zinc homeostasis and drought tolerance in rice. Plant Mol Biol 70(1-2): 219-229.
  63. Wang, Q., Guan, Y., Wu, Y., Chen, H., Chen, F. and Chu, C. (2008). Overexpression of a rice OsDREB1F gene increases salt, drought, and low temperature tolerance in both Arabidopsis and rice. Plant Mol Biol 67(6): 589-602.
  64. Zhang, Y. Y., Li, Y., Gao, T., Zhu, H., Wang, D. J., Zhang, H. W., Ning, Y. S., Liu, L. J., Wu, Y. R., Chu, C. C., Guo, H. S. and Xie, Q. (2008). Arabidopsis SDIR1 enhances drought tolerance in crop plants. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 72(8): 2251-2254.
  65. Fang, J. and Chu, C. (2008). Abscisic acid and the pre-harvest sprouting in cereals. Plant Signal Behav 3(12): 1046-1048.
  66. Fang, J.^, Chai, C.^, Qian, Q.^, Li, C., Tang, J., Sun, L., Huang, Z., Guo, X., Sun, C., Liu, M., Zhang, Y., Lu, Q., Wang, Y., Lu, C., Han, B., Chen, F., Cheng, Z. and Chu, C. (2008). Mutations of genes in synthesis of the carotenoid precursors of ABA lead to pre-harvest sprouting and photo-oxidation in rice. Plant J 54(2): 177-189.
  67. Bai, X., Wang, Q. and Chu, C. (2008). Excision of a selective marker in transgenic rice using a novel Cre/loxP system controlled by a floral specific promoter. Transgenic Res 17(6): 1035-1043.
  68. Qi, J., Qian, Q., Bu, Q., Li, S., Chen, Q., Sun, J., Liang, W., Zhou, Y., Chu, C., Li, X., Ren, F., Palme, K., Zhao, B., Chen, J., Chen, M. and Li, C. (2008). Mutation of the rice Narrow leaf1 gene, which encodes a novel protein, affects vein patterning and polar auxin transport. Plant Physiol 147(4): 1947-1959.
  69. Hong, J. K., Yun, B. W., Kang, J. G., Raja, M. U., Kwon, E., Sorhagen, K., Chu, C., Wang, Y. and Loake, G. J. (2008). Nitric oxide function and signalling in plant disease resistance. J Exp Bot 59(2): 147-154.
  70. Liu, X., Bai, X., Wang, X. and Chu, C. (2007). OsWRKY71, a rice transcription factor, is involved in rice defense response. J Plant Physiol 164(8): 969-979.
  71. Dong, H., Deng, Y., Mu, J., Lu, Q., Wang, Y., Xu, Y., Chu, C., Chong, K., Lu, C. and Zuo, J. (2007). The Arabidopsis Spontaneous Cell Death1 gene, encoding a zeta-carotene desaturase essential for carotenoid biosynthesis, is involved in chloroplast development, photoprotection and retrograde signalling. Cell Res 17(5): 458-470.
  72. Liu, B., Chen, Z., Song, X., Liu, C., Cui, X., Zhao, X., Fang, J., Xu, W., Zhang, H., Wang, X., Chu, C., Deng, X., Xue, Y. and Cao, X. (2007). Oryza sativa dicer-like4 reveals a key role for small interfering RNA silencing in plant development. Plant Cell 19(9): 2705-2718.
  73. Ding, Y., Wang, X., Su, L., Zhai, J., Cao, S., Zhang, D., Liu, C., Bi, Y., Qian, Q., Cheng, Z., Chu, C.* and Cao, X.* (2007). SDG714, a histone H3K9 methyltransferase, is involved in Tos17 DNA methylation and transposition in rice. Plant Cell 19(1): 9-22. (*Corresponding author)
  74. Zhang, K., Qian, Q., Huang, Z., Wang, Y., Li, M., Hong, L., Zeng, D., Gu, M., Chu, C. and Cheng, Z. (2006). GOLD HULL AND INTERNODE2 encodes a primarily multifunctional cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase in rice. Plant Physiol 140(3): 972-983.
  75. Xiong, G. S., Hu, X. M., Jiao, Y. Q., Yu, Y. C., Chu, C. C., Li, J. Y., Qian, Q. and Wang, Y. H. (2006). Leafy head2, which encodes a putative RNA-binding protein, regulates shoot development of rice. Cell Res 16(3): 267-276.
  76. Luo, A., Qian, Q., Yin, H., Liu, X., Yin, C., Lan, Y., Tang, J., Tang, Z., Cao, S., Wang, X., Xia, K., Fu, X., Luo, D. and Chu, C. (2006). EUI1, encoding a putative cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, regulates internode elongation by modulating gibberellin responses in rice. Plant Cell Physiol 47(2): 181-191.
  77. Zhou, H. L., He, S. J., Cao, Y. R., Chen, T., Du, B. X., Chu, C. C., Zhang, J. S. and Chen, S. Y. (2006). OsGLU1, a putative membrane-bound endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanase from rice, affects plant internode elongation. Plant Mol Biol 60(1): 137-151.
  78. Wu, Y., Wang, Q., Ma, Y. and Chu, C. (2005). Isolation and expression analysis of salt up-regulated ESTs in upland rice using PCR-based subtractive suppression hybridization method. Plant science 168(3): 847-853.
  79. LUO, A. D., LIU, L., TANG, Z. S., BAI, X. Q., CAO, S. Y. and CHU, C. C. (2005). Down‐Regulation of OsGRF1 Gene in Rice rhd1 Mutant Results in Reduced Heading Date. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 47(6): 745-752.
  80. Liu, X. Q., Bai, X. Q., Qian, Q., Wang, X. J., Chen, M. S. and Chu, C. C. (2005). OsWRKY03, a rice transcriptional activator that functions in defense signaling pathway upstream of OsNPR1. Cell Res 15(8): 593-603.
  81. Liu, B., Li, P., Li, X., Liu, C., Cao, S., Chu, C. and Cao, X. (2005). Loss of function of OsDCL1 affects microRNA accumulation and causes developmental defects in rice. Plant Physiol 139(1): 296-305.
  82. Si, L., Cao, S. and Chu, C. (2003). Isolation of a 1195 bp 5’-flanking region of rice cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and analysis of its expression in transgenic rice. Acta Bot. Sin. 45: 359-364.
  83. Junker, B. H., Chu, C., Sonnewald, U., Willmitzer, L. and Fernie, A. R. (2003). In plants the alc gene expression system responds more rapidly following induction with acetaldehyde than with ethanol. FEBS Lett 535(1-3): 136-140.
  84. Sweetman, J. P., Chu, C., Qu, N., Greenland, A. J., Sonnewald, U. and Jepson, I. (2002). Ethanol vapor is an efficient inducer of the alc gene expression system in model and crop plant species. Plant Physiol 129(3): 943-948.
  85. Si, L., Wang, L., Cao, S. and Chu, C. (2001). Deletion of 93 bp far-upstream fragment of rice cytosolic fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase promoter completely alter its expression pattern. Acta Botanica Sinica 44(11): 1339-1345.
  86. Chen, S., Qu, N., Cao, S., Hermann, B., Chen, S., Tian, W. and Chu, C. (2001). Expression analysis ofgdcsP promoter from C3-C4 intermediate plantFlaveria anomala in transgenic rice. Chinese Science Bulletin 46(19): 1635-1638.
Protocols by Chengcai Chu
  1. Analysis of Total Se Content in Rice
  2. 15N-nitrate Uptake Activity and Root-to-shoot Transport Assay in Rice