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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Assessing Plant Tolerance to Acute Heat Stress
    Authors:  Minsoo Kim, Fionn McLoughlin, Eman Basha and Elizabeth Vierling, date: 07/20/2017, view: 985, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] It is well-established that plants are able to acclimate to temperatures above or below the optimal temperature for their growth. Here, we provide protocols for assays that can be used quantitatively or qualitatively to assess the relative ability of plants to acquire tolerance to high temperature stress. The hypocotyl elongation assay described ...
    Quantification of the Adhesion Strength between Peroxisomes and Chloroplasts by Femtosecond Laser Technology
    [Abstract] This is the detailed protocol to quantify adhesion strength between peroxisomes and chloroplasts in plant leaf palisade mesophyll cells described by Oikawa et al. (2015). The quantification was performed by utilizing local explosion induced by focusing femtosecond laser pulses into a mesophyll cell under a confocal microscope. When an ...
    Detection of Nitric Oxide and Determination of Nitrite Concentrations in Arabidopsis thaliana and Azospirilum brasilense
    [Abstract] There is now general agreement that nitric oxide (NO) is an important and almost ubiquitous signal in plants. Nevertheless, there are still many controversial observations and differing opinions on the importance and functions of NO in plants. Partly, this may be due to the difficulties in detecting and quantifying NO. Here, we summarize protocols ...
    Arabidopsis Leaf Explant Culture
    Authors:  Jing-Jing Wang, Lisha Zhang and Hui-Shan Guo, date: 11/20/2015, view: 2498, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In this protocol, Arabidopsis leaf explant culture is described using an adaptation of a previous method (Hu et al., 2000). Cells from the cut edges of leaf explant are able to proliferate and subsequently form calli on the callus induction medium, in which is supplemented with 2,4-D and 6-benzyl aminopurine [6-BA]. 2,4-D, one of ...
    Protocol to Treat Seedlings with Brassinazole and Measure Hypocotyl Length in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Authors:  Ana Espinosa-Ruiz, Cristina Martínez and Salomé Prat, date: 08/20/2015, view: 3657, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The plant hormones brassinosteroids (BR) promote hypocotyl elongation of Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) seedlings both under light and dark (etiolated) conditions. A common assay to determine if a mutant or transgenic line is affected in BR biosynthesis or response is a sensitivity assay to brassinazole (BRZ), an inhibitor of ...
    Grafting Arabidopsis
    Authors:  Tonni Grube Andersen, Dacheng Liang, Barbara Ann Halkier and Rosemary White, date: 07/05/2014, view: 5886, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In Arabidopsis thaliana, hypocotyl micrografting has been used to investigate transport of flowering signals, mobile silencing signals and other peptides, proteins and secondary compounds. The effects of transported signals on target tissues require that a good vascular connection is re-established across the graft junction between the ...
    Fluorescent Dye Based Measurement of Vacuolar pH and K+
    Authors:  Elias Bassil, Melanie Krebs, Stephen Halperin*, Karin Schumacher and Eduardo Blumwald, date: 07/05/2013, view: 5845, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Availability of ion specific fluorescent dyes has enabled the possibility to perform in vivo ion specific measurements using live cell imaging in many cellular compartments (Krebs et al., 2010; Bassil et al., 2011; Halperin and Lynch, 2003; Swanson et al., 2011; O'Connor and Silver, 2007). The importance of ion ...