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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Design and Direct Assembly of Synthesized Uracil-containing Non-clonal DNA Fragments into Vectors by USERTM Cloning
    This protocol describes how to order and directly assemble uracil-containing non-clonal DNA fragments by uracil excision based cloning (USER cloning). The protocol was generated with the goal of making synthesized non-clonal DNA fragments directly ...
    Estimation of Silica Cell Silicification Level in Grass Leaves Using in situ Charring Method
    Authors:  Santosh Kumar and Rivka Elbaum, date: 11/20/2017, view: 29, Q&A: 0
    Silica cells are specialized leaf epidermal cells in grasses with almost the whole cell volume filled with solid silica. In sorghum, silica deposition in silica cells takes place in young, elongating leaves around the mid-length of the leaf. We ...
    Generation and Selection of Transgenic Olive Plants
    Authors:  Elena Palomo-Ríos, Sergio Cerezo, Jose Ángel Mercado and Fernando Pliego-Alfaro, date: 11/20/2017, view: 24, Q&A: 0
    Olive (Olea europaea L.) is one of the most important oil crops in the Mediterranean basin. Biotechnological improvement of this species is hampered by the recalcitrant nature of olive tissue to regenerate in vitro. In previous ...
    Design and Direct Assembly of Synthesized Uracil-containing Non-clonal DNA Fragments into Vectors by USERTM Cloning
    [Abstract] This protocol describes how to order and directly assemble uracil-containing non-clonal DNA fragments by uracil excision based cloning (USER cloning). The protocol was generated with the goal of making synthesized non-clonal DNA fragments directly compatible with USERTM cloning. The protocol is highly efficient and would be compatible ...
    Estimation of Silica Cell Silicification Level in Grass Leaves Using in situ Charring Method
    Authors:  Santosh Kumar and Rivka Elbaum, date: 11/20/2017, view: 29, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Silica cells are specialized leaf epidermal cells in grasses with almost the whole cell volume filled with solid silica. In sorghum, silica deposition in silica cells takes place in young, elongating leaves around the mid-length of the leaf. We developed a protocol for estimating the level of silica cell silicification in Sorghum bicolor ...
    Generation and Selection of Transgenic Olive Plants
    Authors:  Elena Palomo-Ríos, Sergio Cerezo, Jose Ángel Mercado and Fernando Pliego-Alfaro, date: 11/20/2017, view: 24, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Olive (Olea europaea L.) is one of the most important oil crops in the Mediterranean basin. Biotechnological improvement of this species is hampered by the recalcitrant nature of olive tissue to regenerate in vitro. In previous investigations, our group has developed a reliable Agrobacterium-mediated transformation ...
    [Bio101] MTT Assay for Cytotoxicity Assessment in Oryza sativa Root Tissue
    Authors:  Snehalata Majumdar, Titir Guha and Rita Kundu, date: 11/20/2017, view: 37, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cytotoxicity of different compounds are commonly evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. This assay is mainly used to study cell viability in cell lines (Carmichael et al., 1987). In this study, the protocol is being used to determine the cell viability of plant roots, treated with different ...
    Isolation of Rice Stripe Virus Preparation from Viruliferous Small Brown Planthoppers and Mechanic Inoculation on Rice
    Authors:  Wan Zhao, Le Kang and Feng Cui, date: 11/05/2017, view: 153, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Tenuiviruses can infect the plants of the family Poaceae, and cause serious loss of crops, particularly rice and maize, in South-Eastern Asian countries. Tenuiviruses usually depend on insect vectors for their transmission and cannot be transmitted between plants through wounds or abrasions. Rice stripe virus (RSV), a typical member of ...
    Immunogold Localization of Molecular Constituents Associated with Basal Bodies, Flagella, and Extracellular Matrices in Male Gametes of Land Plants
    [Abstract] Male gametes (spermatozoids) are the only motile cells produced during the life cycle of land plants. While absent from flowering and most cone-bearing plants, motile cells are found in less derived taxa, including bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), pteridophytes (lycophytes and ferns) and some seed plants (Ginkgo and cycads). ...
    Trimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (TriFC) Assay for Direct Visualization of RNA-Protein Interaction in planta
    Authors:  Jun Sung Seo and Nam-Hai Chua, date: 10/20/2017, view: 424, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] RNA-Protein interactions play important roles in various eukaryotic biological processes. Molecular imaging of subcellular localization of RNA/protein complexes in plants is critical for understanding these interactions. However, methods to image RNA-Protein interactions in living plants have not yet been developed until now. Recently, we have ...
    Monitoring Xylem Hydraulic Pressure in Woody Plants
    [Abstract] Xylem sap circulates under either positive or negative hydraulic pressure in plants. Negative hydraulic pressure (i.e., tension) is the most common situation when transpiration is high, and several devices have been developed to quantify it accurately (e.g., Scholander pressure chamber, psychrometers). However, a proper ...
    Histochemical Preparations to Depict the Structure of Cauliflower Leaf Hydathodes
    Authors:  Aude Cerutti, Marie-Christine Auriac, Laurent D. Noël and Alain Jauneau, date: 10/20/2017, view: 403, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Hydathodes are plant organs present on leaf margins of a wide range of vascular plants and are the sites of guttation. Both anatomy and physiology of hydathodes are poorly documented. We have recently reported on the anatomy of cauliflower and Arabidopsis thaliana hydathodes and on their infection by the vascular pathogenic bacterium ...
    Capturing Z-stacked Confocal Images of Living Bacteria Entering Hydathode Pores of Cauliflower
    Authors:  Aude Cerutti and Alain Jauneau, date: 10/20/2017, view: 491, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The present protocol to visualize living bacteria at the pore level of cauliflower hydathodes is simple and trained users in confocal microscopy can execute it successfully. It can be easily adapted to capture images with other plant-microorganism interactions at the leaf surface and should be useful to obtain important information on pore and ...